Duke Radiology Grand Rounds Lectures are conducted on Thursdays at 7:30 a.m.- 8:30 a.m. in Room 2002 Duke North. The mission for Radiology Grand Rounds is to provide an educational format which has a broad appeal to faculty and trainees. If you have any further questions regarding Radiology Grand Rounds, please contact Debbie Griffin at 919-684-7228.
2019-2020 Fall Schedule
The Future of AI in Radiology
The sophistication of artificial intelligence has exploded in recent years, as have its potential applications. Most believe the impact will be felt across a diverse set of industries, including medicine, and particularly radiology. What will this mean for our profession? Will it impact our labor market? Will it change the radiologist’s job? Who would be held responsible for medical errors? We aim to discuss these and other topics with panelists with wide areas expertise spanning computer science, economics, and philosophy.
Where We Go Wrong: GU Imaging Pitfalls
Diagnostic errors in Genitourinary Radiology can arise from a number of different factors. Some are patient-related, such as motion; others relate to imaging systems, such as phases of contrast administration; and yet others relate to how we interpret images, such as region of interest placement, visualization of pathology in different imaging planes, or the use of variable window and level settings. Additionally, while many imaging findings are sensitive and specific for certain diagnoses, they can occasionally lead us astray. After a brief review of common causes of imaging “misses,” the presentation will encompass common and less common pitfalls in interpretation of pathologies of the adrenal, kidney, urothelium, retroperitoneum, and pelvis.
History of Medicine in Durham
In this lecture, Dr. Baker will draw on his project on the history of health in Durham to provide examples of how history is critical to addressing health in three ways. First, it deepens our understanding of the structural roots of health disparities. Second, it makes visible the ways in which communities have not simply been victims of these structural forces, but have pushed back through advocacy and activism. And third, it illuminates Duke Health’s complex relationship to its community.
Morbidity & Mortality Conference
Reflections on Race and Medicine
Advances in management of portal and mesenteric venous disease
“Portal and mesenteric venous disease leads to a wide spectrum of pathologies including gastrointestinal bleeding, ascites, bowel ischemia, and hepatic encephalopathy. Interventional radiologists play a key role in the management of portal and mesenteric venous disease through transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation and other related procedures. This talk will highlight the Duke Interventional Radiology Division’s new imaging tools and procedural techniques for portal vein access, research on patient selection and post procedure management after TIPS, and expanding use of TIPS alternatives such as balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration of gastric varices, portal vein recanalization, and splenic volume reduction.”
Alzheimer’s Disease: Can Neuroimaging Help Find a Cure?
Dr. Petrella is Professor of Radiology, Senior Fellow in the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, and Director of the Alzheimer’s Imaging Research Laboratory at Duke. He also serves as core faculty in the Duke-UNC Brain Imaging and Analysis Center and Duke Medical Physics Graduate Program. His work for the past 20 years has focused on applications of imaging and other biomarkers to studies of aging, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease. He has received over 2 million dollars in grant funding from private foundations, government and industry, including the Radiological Society of North America and the National Institutes of Health as principle investigator. His studies have contributed to the development of fMRI biomarkers for MCI and aided understanding of the structural and functional underpinnings of cognitive impairment in early Alzheimer’s disease. His study evaluating the relationship between amyloid protein deposition and the Alzheimer’s structural connectome was selected as the winner of the 2015 Alexander R. Margulis Award for Scientific Excellence from the RSNA. Dr. Petrella is Past President of the American Society of Functional Neuroradiology and co-chair of Quantitative Imaging Biomarker Alliance fMRI subcommittee. He has lead national efforts to develop new fMRI tools, and standardize acquisition and analyses techniques. He is the lead author of the first study to examine the effectiveness of fMRI for pre-surgical planning in brain tumor patients. This study was used by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid as evidence for approving reimbursement for fMRI.